3 July, 2022 (34) 953 102 717fortalezadelamota@alcalalareal.es



They are very diverse: from those with a single stay of reduced dimensions monumental palaces and public buildings. Most are arranged around a central courtyard, with several floors and basements dug in the rock that were used as warehouses.


Places articulate and represent the urban spaces of marked social and commercial. Lower Square was the trade forum, with plenty of shops and workshops were distributed to the entrepuertas. Upper Plaza was the central area of the city, where the most representative buildings (Clerks, Cabildo, Houses of Corregidor) were located and where the main public and official activity of the city took place.


Streets have a sinuous and narrow layout adapted to the terrain. Notable walkways and parapets that run through the wall. The Despeñacaballos, the Calancha, Preceptor or Trebuchet street are some examples of their names known from the standards of inhabitants (s. XVI, XVIII) preserved in the Municipal Archives in Alcalá la Real


The limited space of the citadel resulted in increasing the population-at the onset of outer boroughs, developed mainly around access roads. In the Islamic period is known Viejo Arrabal. After the taking of Granada, there were others like the New Arrabal or San Bartolome example of progressive exodus of the population towards the plain. At the top of the hill, there were neighborhoods of Bahondillo or military district.

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