3 July, 2022 (34) 953 102 717fortalezadelamota@alcalalareal.es



The need for water is one of the priorities of the people of Mota. The supply is guaranteed through an extensive network of cisterns and wells scattered throughout the city. There cisterns of Roman tradition, Islamic and Renaissance, with different forms and sizes (round, square, elliptical, dug into the clay or stone) and numerous wells and springs that caught the water.


Along the walls, towers and gates distributed define its layout and mark the evolution of the city appear. In the hillside three of the seven gates that gave access to the upper (Las Lanzas, the image and the weight of the flour) are preserved. Then opened others communicated with the emerging population spread across the slopes of the hill (New Door and Gate Santiago)


The first church built after the conquest of the city in 1341. Gothic-Moorish style, presents a wide sacristy and a tower block plant, the result of an expansion in Renaissance. In her illustrious sculptors as Juan Martinez Montanes and Pablo Rojas they were baptized.


Caliphate tradition, was rebuilt after the conquest of the city in 1341 by King Alfonso XI. It is the most significant element of the defensive architecture of the walled city. It is divided into three rooms covered with brick vaults.
Although known for his role as Real Prison, originally come to fortify a water birth at its base there. In the nineteenth century, neglect and the French occupation of the hill led to his ruin.


Built on the highest point of the hill, environment has its three towers and a central parade. It is a construction of Islamic period, keeping the double stitch horseshoe arches and bent entrance. He suffered substantial reforms between the fourteenth and fifteenth century, which gave the complex is a Gothic-Moorish imprint. Highlights the octagonal brick dome on horns of the main hall of the Keep and the wells that supplied.


The houses are attached to the south facade of the abbey church. Built in 1546, they constituted the dynamic core of the old walled city, together with the Upper Square and other public buildings nearby. Today it is a unique space where activities of socio-cultural and nature conferences, civil weddings take place …


The church stands on the top of the walled city. Built over a century (1517-1627), inside you can be known vestiges of the different cultures that have populated the hill since prehistoric times.
Its architecture is one of the most unique examples of the Renaissance in the province of Jaen, in her late Gothic and Plateresque foot area with mannerism and the final classicism of the central body and the head are combined.
Including elements such as stair access ensogada high choir, allegorical and figurative gargoyles outside and the bell tower.

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